Bangladesh in figures

General information

Area144,000 km²
Population163.6 million inhabitants (2013)
Population under 15 years33%
Population over 64 years4.9%
Population density1,111 people per km² - making it the world’s most densely populated country
Population growth rate1.59% (2013)
Official languageBangla (also known as Bengali)
CapitalDhaka (15.4 million inhabitants)
Large citiesChittagong (4.9 million inhabitants), Khulna (1.6 million inhabitants)
GovernmentParliamentary democracy
ReligionMuslim (89.5%), Hindu (9.6%), Other (0.9%)


EconomyBelongs still to the least developed countries (LDC) in the world
Gross national income (GNI) per capita840 US-Dollar (2012);GNI per capita based on purchasing power parity: 2,030 US-Dollar
CurrencyTaka (1 Euro = 105 Taka, Nov. 2013)
Rural Population71.6%
Urban Population28.4%
IndustryMost important sector: Garment industry
Working children less than 15 years old13% (2006)


Population living in poverty by daily income (less than 1.25 US-Dollar/ day)31.5% (2010)
Population living in poverty by daily calorie intake (less than 2,122 kcal daily food intake)46% (2006)
Ultra-poor part of the population by daily calorie intake (less than 1,805 kcal food a day)20% (2006)


Literacy        53.4% of women age 15 and older can read and write; 62% men (2011)


Life expectancy at birth70.4 Jahre (2013)
Infant mortality rate 37 out of 1,000 infants die between birth and one year of age
Child mortality4.6% children die before their 5th birthday
Infants with low birth weight (less than 2.5 kg)22%
Malnourished children (under 5 years)48%
Children with growth disturbance43%